Brachiaria purpurascens (Raddi) Henrard. Panicum muticum Forssk. Panicum numidianum Lam. Panicum purpuracens Raddi. Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T.Q. Systematics & Taxonomy. Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) is a synonym of Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf. Localities. Lorong Halus. Locality Map. Species identity: Urochloa mutica (Forsk.) T.Q. Nguyen. Synonyms: Brachiaria mutica (Forsk.) Stapf, B. purpurascens (Raddi) Henr., Panicum muticum Forsk., P.

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They root from the basal nodes and may reach a height of 0.

Scientific name

Forage productivity of Para grass on reclaimed wastelands. Brachiaria mutica originated from Sub-Saharan flood plains and later spread southward to Central and East Africa.

Tolerance of depth of water is probably related to water temperature, as para grass tolerates depths of up to 1. Note on high-nitrate para grass Brachiaria mutica silage given to rabbits. This page was last edited nrachiaria 28 Mayat It can be grown with other semi-aquatic grasses such as German grass Echinochloa muutica and dal grass Hymenachne amplexicaulis but it is generally considered to do better in pure stands Cameron, ; Cook et al.

East-West Center by the Univ.

Brachiaria mutica

Archived March 31,at the Wayback Machine. It was reported to represent a much bigger fuel load than native grasses and is thus more likely to burn every dry season Hannan-Jones et al.

Grazed by cattle in northern Australia. Develops adventitious brachiarla under flooded conditions. Leaf is killed by frost but plants brachiafia recover. Stems will often root at the base, and can reach up to 8 feet in height, having hairy nodes and sheaths.


The feeding value of leaves and stems in tropical grasses. It can also invade natural waterways, displacing native grasses whose seed provides food for indigenous birds e. A grass of high nutritive value, although DM intake by grazing stock may be reduced by high water content, including droplets of water held on the hairy leaves and stems. Para grass can become a problem in wetland areas that are not mutiac – sugarcane fields, irrigation ditches and drains.

In Hawaii this grass is widespread, especially in freshwater brachiarai and in red mangrove Rhizophora mangle stands. Phytoremediation potential of paragrass – An in situ approach for Chromium contaminated soil. Mechanical Small infestations can be removed with repeated, aggressive tillage. Weakly upright stems in sward situation. Moderately tolerant of shade but prefers full sun. It is particularly suited to wet, poorly drained places as it can grow in water down to 1.

A fast growing grass, it can be grazed or used in cut-and-carry systems, either to be directly fed or to make hay or silage. Digestibility of Hawaiian feeding stuffs. Archived from the original on 2 April Para grass Brachiaria mutica. Urochloa mutica para grass. Somewhat similar to tanner grass Brachiaria arrectabut tanner grass has single, rather than paired spikelets.

Herbage weeds during juvenile stage of the rice crop. It is sensitive to frost so it generally does not persist outside warm brafhiaria. Performance muticw rabbit fed with paragrass, pellets and their combination [study conducted in the Philippines]. Brachiaria and Urochloa are distinguished mainly by habit, Urochloa having rather more flattened, cuspidate spikelets enclosing a pronounced mucro from the upper lemma.


Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants

Veldkamp; Urochloa mutica Forssk. Although there are many flower heads produced by para grass, seed production is very poor with poor seeds viability.

Integration of fodder production with intensive croppings involving rice.

Florida Noxious Weed List. Under too high grazing pressure, para grass becomes very open and subject to invading species Cook et al. Total phenolics, non-tannin phenolics and total tannin content of commonly available forages for ruminants in Tamil Nadu. Nguyen; Urochloa mutica Forssk.

Biomass production and nutrient removal by tropical grasses subsurface drip-irrigated with dairy effluent. The panicle is up to 12 inches long, with numerous spreading branches. For vegetative propagation, plant cuttings of a length of cm with nodes should be hand-planted or disc-harrowed to a depth of cm with at least 2 nodes buried.

Para grass is both suited to poorly drained swampy areas and well drained moist soils.

Utilization of four grass forage species [ Brachiaria mutica, Pennisetum purpureum, Axonopus scoparius, Echinochloa polystachya ] in rabbit feeding in the Tropic [Peru]. In its mytica lands, Brachiaria is cultivated as a forage grass and was brought to the U. Para grass, Urochloa mutica. Cheiron3038— It is recommended to avoid early grazings during the first year of growth as it results in the pulling out and destruction of cuttings Cameron et al.

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