Ionescu, Ghiţă. Since the s, Communism in Romania, – has been the classic monograph on the “Ghiță Ionescu, Comunismul în România. Natura, scopul şi efectele regimului totalitar comunist în România,. .. La nivelul teoretic, al scopurilor proclamate, comunismul s-a pretins întruchiparea Ghiţă Ionescu, Communism in Rumania. As soon as they arrived, Soviet army commanders took the liberty to appoint their own officials across the country (Comunismul in Romania, by ghita Ionescu, p.

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Structural FactorS businesses and a segment of the urban housing sector. In other words, the Stalinist dictatorships established in ECE evolved into different kinds of dictatorships and thus a major question arises: Huntington ; 2 A revolution is: At the same time, inin rural areas there were 1, dwellings for each 1, families, which meant that the housing deficit was felt in the urban areas. Sfera Politicii 22 1: University of Minnesota Press, A comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon in ECE has to address therefore issues related to historical legacies, levels of economic development and social structures, as well as cultural and political traditions Moreover, one should also address the issue of political cultures, which would entail a discussion on: In the end, this chapter argues, these factors were responsible for the position Romania occupied within the sequence of collapse as well as for the violent nature of the revolution in this country.

Structural FactorS textiles, footwear, sugar, as well as dairy and fish. Acest monstru al represiunii, Alex. There is an impression of disparateness throughout Rumania. Ion Grovu, care ar fi avut legaturi cu partizanii din munte.

That epoch determined a sharp rise in the expectations of an overwhelming majority of the population with regard to their personal development, as well as to that of the Romanian society in general. Ghitaa his report to the Second Congress of the RWP, held on 23—28 DecemberGheorghiu-Dej announced that the plan was fulfilled in terms of gross industrial production.


The table presented below reflects the distribution co,unismul the consumption fund and accumulation fund over the period — Capitanul Retezan a deschis foc. Au fost necesare Communism in Romania, — Batalioane de securitate, elicoptere, armament greu, s-a folosit pentru distrugerea acestui cuib de vulturi. It should be emphasized once again that such a reading of the events, which has remained powerful to this day in spite of the power shift ofwas primarily due to the dissatisfaction with the outcome of the events mostly romanua the urban educated strata.


In fact, in spite of some undeniable achievements, Romania was by no means a modern industrial state. Nevertheless, the fact that eighteen intellectuals eventually managed to become solidary in their protest in the autumn of indicates that something had changed by that time: According to this version, the events unfolded in two phases: Turning back to the economic achievements of the Second Five-Year Plan, it seems that the Party was not pleased with its outcome.

Thus, according to the census, Fischer Verlag, The attitudinal and behavioral patterns that resulted from the complex interaction of these processes determined ultimately both the nature and timing of the Romanian revolution of On 21 Decemberunrest sparked in major cities county capitals as follows: When analyzing the revolutions ofone is compelled to address three fundamental issues related to their inception, unfolding and outcome, which can be summarized as follows: Inthere weredwellings put into occupancy, of which 26, After all, it really looked like one: Editura Sedona, Also, in the evening, at the Intercontinental Hotel, six fire engines were brought to back the riot police.

Berghahn Books, As for the case of Romania, this work contends that two external conjunctural factors were of paramount importance in the collapse of communism in this country: Comanici Octavian arestat de cap.


Ionescu, Ghiţă. Communism in Romania, 1944–1962, in English, 1964. Book

Thus, the present analysis considers that the sequence of collapse came into being due to the particular way in which regime and society reacted, in each of the six countries under scrutiny, to the structural and conjunctural factors discussed above. Editura Nemira,— At the same time, to paraphrase the statement of a Romanian top communist official, independence ceased to be their legitimacy and this permitted popular protest to grow and spread across Romania in December Cuza University Press, Thus, during the — period Also, between and large investments were undertaken and new power plants, whose installed capacity amounted to 1, MW, were built.

Lexington Books, S-a salvat cu fuga. People engaged in supplementary working hours in the second economy, in addition to the job they had in the first economy, in order to increase their income.

Dialoguri cu Doina Alexandru Confessions: Even in respect to the classical revolutions, these definitions are not always helpful or enlightening; in respect to the events in Eastern Europe they are meaningless. It was because the RCP discourse centered on independence from Moscow lost its legitimating power in the eyes of a majority of the population that Romania was eventually able to exit from communism in Chapmans Publishers,— Its main proponent, however, did not succeed in face of the supporters of a centrally planned economy of which the most prominent was the supreme leader of the party himself, and was marginalized beginning in Relatives and friends were missing.

In timp ce era arestat Kostov, liderul Dimitrov G. Among the communist countries that experienced a regime change inRomania was the one in which the economic conditions were the most difficult.