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The Arabic Texts liii V. He therefore set out to refute philosophical logic, a task which culminated in one of the most devastating attacks ever levelled against the logical system upheld by the early Greeks, the later commentators, and their Muslim followers. So how did they tsymiyya at this statement?
Ibn Taymiyya against the Greek Logicians
Universal propositions about medical matters, gram- matical rules, habitual events in nature, etc. However, if Nawbakhtl adduced further criticisms—and it is quite possible that he did—Ibn Taymiyya may have made use of them without acknowledging the source.
Classical, Early, and Medieval Prose and Writers: If the hearer does not know the validity of the logicianw through the definer’s statement, which may be true or false, then it is impossible for the hearer to apprehend the definiendum through the statement of the definer. They also claim that their theory leads to delimiting the realities of things, and that without it things cannot be apprehended.
Against the most central postulates upon which this discipline is founded, Ibn Taymiyya marshalled a legion of arguments that were intended to enhance and corroborate each other. Umer Yousuf rated it liked it Sep 12, We can identify two kinds of philosophical material that made itself useful to Ibn Taymiyya. Sign in Create an zgainst.
What Islam received of Sceptic doctrines O n commemorative and indicative signs, see Sextus, Against the Logicians, ff. The concept formed is not only of the meaning but also of the name assigned to that meaning. Search my Subject Specializations: But this is not what they mean here. These two editions have also become reputable and standard among Middle East scholars.
An equally, if not more, important source is the philosophers’ criticisms of each other. A detailed analysis of the apparent contradiction will take us beyond the bounds of this introduction. The accidental nature of such a predicable allows it to be attached to, or separated from, a subject according to degrees. Their statement ‘No concepts can be formed except by means of definition’ is a negative, not a self-evident proposition. This [position] is one of the worst sophistries.
This is clearly circular. See also Sezgin, Geschichte, i. A complete definition consists of all the essential attributes represented in immediate genus and immediate difference al-jins wal-fasl al-qaribayn ; for example, ‘man is a rational animal’.
Space, Time, and Stuff Frank Arntzenius.
Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians – Wael B. Hallaq – Oxford University Press
Sources of the Critique xlvii ingly, we must conclude that while Suhrawardl’s criticism wgainst well have been a source for Ibn Taymiyya’s attack on the essentialist definition, we have little reason to believe, in light of the larger context of Ibn Taymiyya’s career and intellectual background, that he owed his nominalism exclusively to Suhrawardi or, for that matter, to any other single predecessor.
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logkcians At the same time, however, Ibn Taymiyya could not see the utility of mathematical and logical knowledge for the human understanding of the real world.
Review quote This work, Professor Hallaq’s most recent, is almost unique to modern studies of Ibn Taymiyah and for this readon deserves our attention.
Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians
The formation of the concept ‘intellect’ is of this kind, and this is an admission on their part that the genus of the concept does not depend on real definition. The first, and perhaps less important, were the relatively short remarks made by these philosophers with logocians to difficulties inherent in the logical and philosophical doctrines they were expounding. Our simple minds, he persistently held, cannot establish certainty and truth in the natural world.
Those w h o studied it he likened to p e o p l e eating lobsters, w h tymiyya take a great deal of trouble gaymiyya the sake of a little bit of meat e n v e l o p e d in much shell. Any legitimate attempt at finding similarities will then have to be limited to two areas of enquiry, namely, the theory of signs and that of the syllogism.
Now, if induction is incomplete, the so-called universal premiss may prove false since it might be refuted by new evidence. The uniqueness of rhe individual simply precludes the universal, which is common to many, from existing externally. Upon observing such an object, the notion of colour can hardly take hold of the mind as does blackness. Moreover, and this is significant, Ibn Taymiyya was first and foremost a lawyer and jurist, and his world- view was considerably coloured by his characteristically juristic thinking.
Doubtless, Ibn Taymiyya approached the problem with an intellectual framework of his own, one that derived from, and was squarely based upon, his own notions of empiricism. Against the argument that the quiddity taykiyya occur in the mind prior to the accidental attributes, he insists that a person may conceive the blackness of a thing—blackness being an accidental attribute according to the logicians—without at all conceiving that what he has conceived is a colour, this latter being in their view the quiddity.
The introduction of Greek philosophy into the Muslim world left an indelible mark on Islamic intellectual history. It is impossible to ib the definiendum before apprehending the validity of that which defines it. Each argument was taymyya to carry an independent weight, and therefore the more arguments that were adduced the stronger the case against logic became. The number of transmitters of any one piece of information is large enough to preclude the possibility of transmitters colluding on ,ogicians lie or a forgery.
On first appearance he seems to overlook the commonly held doctrine that even if the premiss in a syllogism is not universal, it stands, on the scale of probability, superior to analogy. Fifth, according to them the concept of a quiddity is obtained by real definition hadd haqlqi formed of shared and distinguishing essential attributes, namely, that which is composed of genus and difference.
Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians : Ibn Taymiyyah :
In this case, the word ‘dates’ and its real definition remain wider than the objective, external reality of busr. Skip to main content. But markedly less obvious in his attacks on logic are undercurrents of resentment against what he viewed in a good number of other treatises freek the most dangerous of all threats which logicins in the heart of Islam, 4 namely, speculative mysticism propounded by such influential figures as Ibn Sab’In d.
Civil War American History: See an expanded but somewhat convoluted version of the argument in his al-Radd, 7 0 – 1. They are extremely elliptic and vague.